Tshinu ne muinshi (in tshiluba) / Liboka na motuteli (in lingala)


Tshinu ne muinshi (in tshiluba) / Liboka na motuteli (in lingala)


This is a mortar and pestle used to process rice, cassava leaves, cassava flour, plantains, potatoes...



Place of Production

Democratic Republic of Congo, End of the 20th century

Number of pieces



It is made of a special wood. the reason is that it has to support the pestle while pounding ingredients.
They are widely used across Africa, and they come in different shapes and sizes. They are made by both men and women, carved out of trees, and shaped into mortar and pestle. It is used to ground corn, millet, cassava, yam, grains, spices, etc, and functions as a household mill. Women sing songs while pounding the grains, along the rhythm, rocking their babies to sleep as they are strapped on their backs. They remain basic household appliances nowadays across the world.
It is mainly used to pound cassava leaves, pepper, plantain or cassava. It gives a special taste to any food that goes into it.
For each items listed above the process is as follows;
Shelling out the rice from the rest of the plant after harvesting;
- Cassava leaves
They (cassava leaves) are pounded to make smashed leaves prior to cooking;
After being shelled out, it (cassava) passes 3 to 5 days in water, and it is exposed to sun to dry. The time to dry depends on the intensity of heat from sun. Once dried, it is pounded to make flour that will be used to cook the fufu;
-Plantain, potatoes,..
They cooked for about 10 to 20 minutes. After they are pounded to make pastry that will serve as main menu to be eaten with meat, fish and cooked vegetables.


Motar is about 40 cm, the pestle is about 100cm.


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